What is hematololgy

What Does A Hematologist Do?

What is hematololgyA hematologist is a medical specialist that is concerned with the studying of the cause, prognosis, and treatment of diseases related to the blood. With blood borne diseases and disorders being some of the most difficult to fight, a recommendation or referral to hematologist can cause concern for you and your loved ones. However, a hematologist is one of the most highly trained medical professions that can be found in hospitals, blood banks, or clinics. There are many reasons why you or a loved one might be referred to one. Here are some of the most common reasons.

Leukemia, Lymphoma, and Multiple Myeloma
These three blood-related diseases could be a possible reason for seeing a hematologist. A hematologist will be able to diagnose and treat all three of these through a number of ways. Leukemia is a form of cancer of the white blood cells where white bloods cells reproduce erratically and get in the way of the jobs of red blood cells and platelets. The most common symptoms of Leukemia are swollen lymph nodes, unexplained weight loss, bruising, fatigue, and much more.

Lymphoma is another form of cancer of the white bloods cells. The main difference between Lymphoma and Leukemia are the origins and treatments. Lymphoma originates in lymphocytes, which are cells that have the goal of fighting of diseases and maintaining your immune system. The symptoms are similar to Leukemia except they include coughing and shortness of breath more frequently.

Multiple Myeloma is a form of cancer of the plasma cells in your bone marrow. A protein is created that causes the plasma cells to grow out of control within your bone marrow. There are many forms of diseases that can cause plasma cell complications. The symptoms of these diseases can include kidney problems, frequent infections, bone and calcium deficiencies, and so forth.

Sickle Cell
Sickle cell is a disease that affects the hemoglobin in red blood cells that help deliver oxygen through out the body. The affected red blood cells become dis-formed and sticky, which result in blockages and lowered blood cell counts. The disease is classified as a genetic disorder, where it is mostly found in those of African and Hispanic descent. The symptoms of sickle cell include jaundice, swelling of extremities, frequent infections, vision problems and so forth.

Hemophilia is a medical condition where bloods cells’ ability to clot is drastically reduced, causing extreme bleeding from slight, common injuries. The condition stems from blood cells that are genetically incomplete due to the lack of a coagulation factor. Your primary physician could suspect Hemophilia if you show signs of frequent joint pain, deep bruising, and excessive bleeding. Different classes of hemophilia are diagnosed based upon the lack or decrease of a particular factor.

Deep Vein Thrombosis
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is a condition where improper clotting is formed within a vein that is located deep inside the body. A hematologist can be recommended if symptoms of unusual swelling, cramping, warm skin, and blue skin are shown. DVT stems from moderate to critical injuries, surgery complications, and certain medications.

A New Jersey hematologist can be recommended for a wide variety of reasons. Some are more serious than others. This specialty discipline consists of some of the most renowned medical professionals in the world that are able to carry out studies, procedures, and much more to help eliminate the disease you or your loved one is facing.