Prostate cancer is a serious form of cancer that affects older men each and every year. Among those affected, 60% of cases are in men over the age of 65. In 2019, it was estimated that 174,650 American men were diagnosed with some form of prostate cancer.
The prostate is located in a man’s lower abdomen and is a small gland that is associated with a man’s reproductive system. The prostate’s role in the reproductive system is adding fluid to sperm to make semen and aids as a muscle during sexual processes.
Prostate cancer is diagnosed when an abnormal growth of cells is present in the prostate. The abnormal growth that is considered a tumor leads to the diagnosis of prostate cancer. Like other forms of cancer, prostate cancer can spread throughout other areas of the body. As prostate cancer continues to be a top cause of cancer deaths in the United States, our New Jersey prostate cancer treatment experts discuss important things to know about prostate cancer.
The Causes & Factors of Prostate Cancer
Currently, there is no direct cause of prostate cancer. Similar to other forms of cancer, the cause can be connected to many different factors such as family genetics or exposure to dangerous substances. Whatever the factor may be, the catalyst starts abnormal cell mutations and growth in the prostate gland.
Prostate cancer can become a reality for any man, but certain risks do affect your chance of receiving a diagnosis. The leading risk factors include age, ethnicity, family history, obesity, genetic changes, and geographical location. Numerous studies exist about what factors affect the likelihood the most.
Types of Prostate Cancer
There are two main types of prostate cancer. These two types are distinguished by the speed of the growth in the prostate gland. Usually, prostate cancer grows within the tissue of the gland. The two forms of cancer are aggressive and non-aggressive. Aggressive refers to a fast speed of growth while non-aggressive is a lot slower or no growth at all. Aggressive prostate cancer, like any aggressive form of cancer, is the most concerning.
Prostate Cancer Symptoms
Prostate cancer doesn’t always show symptoms unless it is in advanced stages. Symptoms of prostate cancer affect your urinary and sexual processes as well as pain and numbness throughout the body. Prostate cancer can cause people to frequently urinate, have a slow stream, or have blood in their urine. Erectile dysfunction may develop in someone who has prostate cancer. In advanced forms where prostate cancer is spreading, pain and numbness can occur in your pelvis, back, and chest. If you have any symptoms, it is important to get tested right away because as always, timing is everything with cancer treatment.
If you have any questions or concerns about prostate cancer, reach out to Comprehensive Cancer & Hematology Specialists at 856-435-1777!